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对Android的Application的容易理解

www.myexceptions.net  网友分享于:2013-04-10  浏览:36次
对Android的Application的简单理解

先定义一个Application
 
package com.xesam;

import android.app.Application;
import android.content.res.Configuration;
import android.util.Log;

public class ApplicationActivity extends Application {
    static String name = "小西山子";
    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        Log.v("ApplicationActivity","onCreate");
        super.onCreate();
    }
    @Override
    public void onTerminate() {
        Log.v("ApplicationActivity","onTerminate");
        super.onTerminate();
    }
    @Override
    public void onConfigurationChanged(Configuration newConfig) {
        Log.v("ApplicationActivity","onConfigurationChanged");
        super.onConfigurationChanged(newConfig);
    }
    @Override
    public void onLowMemory() {
        Log.v("ApplicationActivity","onLowMemory");
        super.onLowMemory();
    }
}
 
主要Activity:
 
package com.xesam;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        Log.v("MainActivity","onCreate");
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
       
        ApplicationActivity app = (ApplicationActivity)this.getApplication();
       
        LinearLayout main = new LinearLayout(this);
        main.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT));
        main.setOrientation(LinearLayout.VERTICAL);
        TextView tv = new TextView(this);
        tv.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT));
        tv.setText(app.name);
        tv.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);
        main.addView(tv);
        setContentView(main);
    }
    @Override
    public void onDestroy(){
        Log.v("MainActivity","onDestroy");
        super.onDestroy();
        //System.exit(0);
    }
}
 
AndroidManifest.xml:
 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.xesam"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="8" />

    <application
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:name="ApplicationActivity">
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>
 
这里我们自定义了一个Application,所以必须指定AndroidManifest.xml中application的android:name属性(默认是android.app.Application)。
输出结果:
"ApplicationActivity","onCreate"
"MainActivity","onCreate"
"MainActivity","小西山子"
"ApplicationActivity","onConfigurationChanged"
退出之后打印结果:
"MainActivity","onDestroy"
从模拟器再次开启应用(没有再次编译)之后,打印结果
"MainActivity","onCreate"
"MainActivity","小西山子"
所以后退的时候并没有关闭application,要强制关闭application,可以在MainActivity的onDestroy中调用System.exit(0)
    @Override
    public void onDestroy(){
        Log.v("MainActivity","onDestroy");
        super.onDestroy();
        System.exit(0);
    }
这样就完全退出程序了。
 
回到application的问题上来,显然,application的onCreate在activity的onCreate之前执行了,所以整个应用的最初入口是这个方法。
onCreate作用说明:
 
    /**
     * Called when the application is starting, before any other application
     * objects have been created.  Implementations should be as quick as
     * possible (for example using lazy initialization of state) since the time
     * spent in this function directly impacts the performance of starting the
     * first activity, service, or receiver in a process.
     * If you override this method, be sure to call super.onCreate().
     */
 
可以认为Activity,service以及其他的组件共同构成了一个application的环境,因此application中可以共享或者初始化一些全局变量,比如地图(百度地图demo就是这么做的)。
 
 
注:eclipse查看源码的方法:
下载android版本对应的源码【2.2版本地址:http://rgruet.free.fr/public/android-2.2-froyo-src.zip】
解压缩到 /usr/local/android-sdk-linux/platforms/android-8下,然后修改同目录下source.properties文件中的Pkg.SourceUrl为刚才解压的源码目录就行了
一个示例(我下载的源码放在/usr/local/android-sdk-linux/platforms/android-8/source目录中,所以Pkg.SourceUrl=sources):
 
### Android Tool: Source of this archive.
#Mon Apr 23 01:14:48 CST 2012
Layoutlib.Api=4
Layoutlib.Revision=0
Pkg.Desc=Android SDK Platform 2.2_r3
Archive.Arch=ANY
Platform.Version=2.2
Pkg.DescUrl=http\://developer.android.com/sdk/
Platform.MinToolsRev=8
Archive.Os=ANY
Pkg.SourceUrl=sources
Pkg.Revision=3
AndroidVersion.ApiLevel=8

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